Center for Biological Diversity

For Immediate Release, February 27, 2020


Noah Greenwald, (503) 484-7495,

Lawsuit Attacks Trump Failure to Protect 241 Species From Extinction

Moose, Western Bumblebee, Venus Flytrap, Other Plants, Animals Across United States in Desperate Need of Help

WASHINGTON— The Center for Biological Diversity sued the Trump administration today for failing to decide whether 241 plants and animals across the country — from the Midwest’s golden-winged warbler to Venus flytraps in the Carolinas — should be protected under the Endangered Species Act.

The lawsuit, filed in district court in Washington, D.C., is one of the largest ever under the Act and seeks to undo years of illegal inaction by the Trump administration.

Among the species in today’s suit are spotted turtles in the Great Lakes and on the Eastern Seaboard, moose in the Midwest, a western bumblebee that has declined by 84%, and a tiny freshwater fish in Chesapeake Bay that flips stones with its nose to find food. (A full list is below. An interactive map here shows which species are living in each state.)

“As moose and golden-winged warblers and hundreds of other species fight the rising tide of the extinction crisis, Trump officials won’t lift a finger to help,” said Noah Greenwald, the Center’s endangered species director. “This administration’s ugly contempt for wildlife and the Endangered Species Act threatens our country’s entire web of life. Every day of delay brings these incredible, irreplaceable plants and animals one step closer to extinction.”

In 2016 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service developed a workplan to address a backlog of more than 500 species awaiting protection decisions, including those in today’s lawsuit, but the Trump administration has kept the agency from completing decisions for dozens of species every year.

Today’s suit seeks to ensure that all the remaining species awaiting protection in the workplan get decisions as soon as possible. Under the Endangered Species Act, decisions about species’ protection are supposed to take no more than two years, but most of the species in today’s lawsuit have been waiting 10 years or more.

So far the Trump administration has protected only 21 species under the Endangered Species Act — the lowest of any administration at this point in the presidential term. By comparison, during the Obama administration, 360 species were protected under the Endangered Species Act. Under Clinton 523 species were protected, while 232 species were protected under George H.W. Bush, 62 species under George W. Bush and 254 under Reagan.

“The extinction crisis gets worse by the day, but Trump officials are twiddling their thumbs as plants and animals fade away,” said Greenwald. “It’s a moral failure of epic proportions. And it’s hurting future generations in ways that can never be undone.”

Earlier this year the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, known as IPBES, warned governments around the world that 1 million species are now at risk of extinction because of human activity. IPBES scientists said that urgent actions are needed to avert mass extinction in the coming decades.

In January the Center released a plan for Saving Life on Earth. The plan calls for the United States to become a global leader in protecting wildlife by declaring the extinction crisis a national emergency, creating new protected areas, and prioritizing wildlife protection over other uses of public lands.

The 241 species occur across the lower 48 states and include birds, amphibians, insects, fish and mammals. All of the species face serious threats to their survival ranging from habitat destruction to climate change to disease.

Species pictured in the slideshow are:

  1. Blanding's turtle
  2. Western spadefoot
  3. Rim rock crown snake
  4. Western bumblebee
  5. Western pond turtle
  6. Venus flytrap
  7. Chesapeake logperch
  8. Northern spotted owl

Photos available for download here.

Common Scientific Action Type Range
Alabama hickorynut Obovaria unicolor 12M AL, LA, MS, OK
Amargosa tryonia Tryonia variegata 12M CA, NV
Apalachicola wild indigo Baptisia megacarpa 12M AL, FL, GA
Arizona toad Anaxyrus microscaphus 12M AZ, CA, NM, NV, UT
Ash Meadows pebblesnail Pyrgulopsis erythropoma 12M NV
Astylis sp. 1 (unnamed moth) Astylis sp. 1 12M AZ
Atlantic pigtoe Fusconaia masoni FLFCH GA, NC, SC, VA
Avernus cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus avernus 12M VA
Big Bar hesperian Vespericola pressleyi 12M CA
Big red sage 12M TX
Bigcheek cave crayfish Procambarus delicatus 12M FL
Black Creek crayfish Procambarus pictus 12M FL
Black-capped petrel Pterodroma hasitata FL FL, GA, SC, NC, PR, VA, VI
Blanco blind salamander Eurycea robusta 12M TX
Blanding's turtle Emydoidea blandingii 12M IA, IL, IN, MA, ME, MI, MN, MO, NE, NH, NY, OH, PA, SD, WI
Blueridge springfly Remenus kirchneri 12M VA
Bluestripe darter Percina cymatotaenia 12M MO
Boat-shaped bugseed Corispermum navicula 12M CO
Bog spicebush Lindera subcoriacea 12M AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, VA
Brandagee's wild buckwheat Eriogonum brandegeei 12M CO
Brawley's Fork crayfish Cambarus williami 12M TN
Brush pea Genistidium dumosum 12M TX, Mexico
Burrington (keeled) jumping-slug Hemphillia burringtoni 12M OR, WA
Bushy whitlow-wort Paronychia congesta 12M TX
Caddo madtom Noturus taylori 12M AR
Candy darter Etheostoma osburni FCH VA, WV
Cannulate cave isopod Caecidotea cannula 12M WV
Cascade Caverns salamander Eurycea latitans 12M TX
Cascade torrent salamander Rhyacotriton cascadae 12M OR, WA
Cascades frog Rana cascadae 12M OR, WA
Chelan Mountain snail Oreohelix n. sp 12M WA
Chesapeake logperch Percina bimaculata 12M MD, PA, VA
Chihuahua catfish Ictalurus sp. 12M TX
Chisos coralroot Hexalectris revoluta 12M AZ, TX, Mexico
Chowanoke crayfish Orconectes virginiensis 12M NC, VA
Ciliate-leaf tickseed Coreopsis integrifolia 12M FL, GA, SC
Cisco milkvetch Astragalus sabulosus 12M UT
Clear Lake hitch Lavinia exilicauda chi 12M CA
Coal darter Percina brevicauda 12M/PLPCH AL
Coastal Lowland cave crayfish Procambarus leitheuseri 12M FL
Columbia Oregonian snail Cryptomastix hendersoni 12M OR, WA
Columbia torrent salamander Rhyacotriton kezeri 12M OR, WA
Comal Springs salamander Eurycea sp 12M TX
Cooper's Cave amphipod Stygobromus cooperi 12M WV
Correll's false dragonhead Physostegia correllii 12M LA, TX
Crested Riverlet crayfish 12M MS
Crossroads Cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus intersectus 12M VA
Crystal springsnail Pyrgulopsis crystalis 12M NV
Cudjo's (Cumberland Gap) Cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus hirsutus 12M TN, VA
Cumberland moccasinshell Medionidus conradicus 12M AL, GA, KY, NC, TN, VA
Dalles sideband snail Monadenia fidelis minor 12M OR, WA
Delaware County cave crayfish Cambarus subterraneus 12M OK
Desert massasauga Sistrurus catenatus ssp. edwardsii 12M AZ, NM, CO, TX
Distal-gland springsnail Pyrgulopsis nanus 12M NV
Dixie Valley toad Bufo williamsi 12M/PLPCH NV
Doll's daisy Boltonia montana 12M NJ, PA, VA
Domed ancylid Rhodacme elatior 12M AL, KY, TN
Dry Fork Valley cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus montanus 12M WV
Dukes' skipper subspecies Euphyes dukesi calhouni 12M FL
Eastern spotted skunk Spilogale putorius interrupta 12M AR, CO, MN, MO, NE, OK, SD, TX, WY
Edison's ascyrum Hypericum edisonianum 12M FL
Edwards Aquifer diving beetle Haideoporus texanus 12M TX
Elongate-gland springsnail Pyrgulopsis isolatus 12M NV
Evening fieldslug Deroceras hesperium 12M OR, WA
Fairbanks springsnail Pyrgulopsis fairbanksensis 12M NV
False spike Fusconaia mitchelli 12M TX
Ferris's copper Lycaena rubidus ferrisi 12M AZ
Flat-topped steptoe pyrg Pyrgulopsis planulata 12M NV
Florida pine snake Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus 12M AL, FL, GA, SC
Florida pondweed Potamogeton floridanus 12M FL
Georgia blind salamander Haideotriton wallacei 12M FL, GA
Georgia bully (swamp buckhorn) Sideroxylon thornei 12M/PLPCH FL, GA
Godfry's stitchwort Minuartia godfreyi 12M AL, FL, NC, SC, TN
Golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera 12M AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV
Graham's beardtongue Penstemon grahamii FL UT
Great Basin silverspot Speyeria nokomis nokomis 12M AZ, CO, NM, UT
Green floater Lasmigona subviridis 12M DC, MD, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, VA, WV
Hairy-peduncled beaked-rush Rhynchospora crinipes 12M/PLPCH AL, FL, MS, NC
Hall's bulrush Schoenoplectus hallii 12M GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MI, MO, NE, OK, SC, TX, WI
Hamlin Valley pyrg Pyrgulopsis hamlinensis 12M NV, UT
Harper's fimbristylis Fimbristylis perpusilla 12M DE, GA, MD, NC, SC, TN, VA
Hartwrightia Hartwrightia floridana 12M FL, GA
Heterocampa sp. 1 nr. Amanda Heterocampa sp. 1 nr. Amanda 12M AZ
Hoko vertigo Vertigo n sp.1 12M WA
Hubbard's cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus hubbardi 12M VA
Hubricht's cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus hubrichti 12M VA
Illinois chorus frog Pseudacris illinoensis 12M AR, IL, MO
Island marble butterfly Euchloe ausonides insulanus FLFCH WA
Isley milkvetch Astragalus iselyi 12M UT
Jackson Prairie crayfish Procambarus barbiger 12M MS
Karst snowfly Allocapnia cunninghami 12M KY, TN
Kentucky creekshell Villosa ortmanni 12M KY
Kern Canyon slender salamander Batrachoseps simatus 12M CA
Kern Plateau salamander Batrachoseps robustus 12M CA
Key ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus acricus 12M FL
Kiamachi crayfish Orconectes saxatilis 12M OK
Klots' skipper subspecies Euphyes pilatka klotsi 12M FL
Landyes pyrg Pyrgulopsis landyei 12M NV
Lassics lupine Lupinus constancei 12M/PLPCH CA
Limestone salamander Hydromantes brunus 12M CA
Litodonta sp. 1 nr. Alpina Litodonta sp. 1 nr. Alpina 12M AZ
Little Kennedy cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus cordicollis 12M VA
Lobed roachfly Tallaperla lobata 12M VA
Logan's Agarodes caddisfly Agarodes logani 12M FL
Longitudinal gland pyrg Pyrgulopsis anguina 12M NV, UT
Longnose darter Percina nasuta 12M AR, OK, MO
Louisiana pigtoe Pleurobema riddellii 12M LA, TX
Louisiana pine snake Pituophis ruthveni PCH LA, TX
Lowland loosestrife Lythrum flagellare 12M FL
Maiden Spring cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus virginicus 12M VA
Mammoth Spring crayfish Orconectes marchandi 12M AR, MO
Meadow joint-vetch Aeschynomene pratensis 12M FL
Median-gland Nevada pyrg Pyrgulopsis pisteri 12M NV
Mexican fawnsfoot Truncilla cognata 12M TX
Miami cave crayfish Procambarus milleri 12M FL
Mimic cavesnail Phreatodrobia imitata 12M TX
Minute Cave amphipod Stygobromus parvus 12M WV
Minute tryonia Tryonia ericae 12M NV
Morrison's Cave amphipod Stygobromus morrisoni 12M VA, WV
Mt. Rainer white-tailed ptarmigan Lagopus leucura rainierensis 12M WA
Narrow Cave (New River Valley Cave) beetle Pseudanophthalmus egberti 12M VA
Natural Bridge cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus pontis 12M VA
Navasota false foxglove Agalinis navasotensis 12M TX
Neritiform Steptoe Ranch pyrg Pyrgulopsis neritella 12M NV
Northern cavefish Amblyopsis spelaea 12M IN, KY
Northern red-bellied cooter (range-wide) Pseudemys rubriventris 12M DC, DE, MA, MD, NC, NJ, PA, VA, WV
Northern spotted owl Strix occidentalis caurina 12M/Uplisting CA, OR, WA
Northern Steptoe pyrg Pyrgulopsis serrata 12M NV
Northwestern moose Alces alces andersoni 12M MI, MN, ND, WI
Oblong rocksnail Leptoxis compacta 12M/PLPCH AL
Ocmulgee skullcap Scutellaria ocmulgee 12M GA, SC
Oklahoma cave crayfish 12M OK
Orangefin madtom Noturus gilberti 12M NC, VA
Oregon vesper sparrow Pooecetes gramineus ssp. affinis 12M/PLPCH CA, OR, WA
Ornate Indian paintbrush Castilleja ornata 12M NM, Mexico
Overlooked cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus praetermissus 12M VA
Ozark shiner Notropis ozarcanus 12M AR, MO
Paleback darter Etheostoma pallididorsum 12M AR
Panama City crayfish Procambarus econfinae FLPCH FL
Pecos pupfish Cyprinodon pecosensis 12M NM, TX
Peppered chub Macrhybopsis tetranemus 12M CO, KA, NM, OK, TX
Peppered shiner Notropis perpallidus 12M AR, OK
Piebald madtom Noturus gladiator 12M MS, TN
Pinaleno talussnail Sonorella grahamensis 12M AZ
Pine Island rice rat Oryzomys palustris planirostris 12M/PLPCH FL
Pink pigtoe Pleurobema rubrum 12M AL, AR, KY, LA, MS, NE, OH, OK, TN, VA
Point of Rocks tryonia Tryonia elata 12M NV
Popeye shiner Notropis ariommus 12M GA, KY, OH, TN, VA, WV
Pristine crayfish Cambarus pristinus 12M TN
Prostrate milkweed 12M TX, Mexico
Puget Oregonian snail Cryptomastix devia 12M OR, WA
Quitobaquito tryonia 12M AZ
Raven's seedbox Ludwigia ravenii 12M FL, NC, SC, VA
Rayed creekshell Anodontoides radiatus 12M/PLPCH AL, FL, GA, LA, MS
Regal fritillary Speyeria idalia 12M AR, CO, CT, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Relictual slender salamander Batrachoseps relictus 12M CA
Rim Rock crowned snake Tantilla oolitica 12M FL
Rio Grande cooter Pseudemys gorzugi 12M NM, TX
Rocky Mountain monkeyflower Mimulus gemmiparus 12M CO
Round hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda 12M AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, MI, MS, OH, PA, TN, WV, Canada
Rye Cove Cave isopod Lirceus culveri 12M VA
Saint Paul cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus sanctipauli 12M VA
Salamander mussel Simpsonaias ambigua 12M AR, IL, IN, KY, MI, MN, MO, NY, OH, PA, TN, WI, WV, Canada
Salina mucket 12M TX
Saltmarsh topminnow 12M AL, FL, LA, MS, TX
San Xavier talussnail 12M AZ
Sangre de Cristo peaclam 12M NM
Santa Fe Cave crayfish Procambarus erythrops 12M FL
Sevier snowfly Allocapnia brooksi 12M TN
Shasta chaparral Trilobopsis roperi 12M CA
Shasta hesperian Vespericola shasta 12M CA
Shasta sideband Monadenia troglodytes troglodytes 12M/PLPCH CA
Shenandoah (Madden's Cave) beetle Pseudanophthalmus limicola 12M VA
Short-tailed snake Lampropeltis extenuata 12M FL
Silken cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus sericus 12M VA
Silvery phacelia Phacelia argentea 12M OR
Slenderclaw crayfish Cambarus cracens FLFCH AL
Slenderwrist burrowing crayfish Fallicambarus petilicarpus 12M AR
Smallscale darter Etheostoma microlepidum 12M KY, TN
South Branch Valley cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus potomaca 12M VA, WV
Southeast Nevada pyrg Pyrgulopsis turbatrix 12M NV
Southern elktoe Alasmidonta triangulata 12M AL, FL, GA
Southern rubber boa Charina umbratica 12M CA
Southern snaketail Ophiogomphus australis 12M FL, LA, MS
Southern Steptoe pyrg Pyrgulopsis sulcata 12M NV
Southern white-tailed ptarmigan Lagopus leucura altipetens 12M CA, CO, ID, MT, NM, UT, WA, WY
Speckled burrowing crayfish Fallicambarus danielae 12M AL, MS
Spider elimia (snail) Elimia arachnoidea 12M TN, VA
Spiny scale crayfish Cambarus jezerinaci 12M KY, TN, VA
Spinytail crayfish Procambarus fitzpatricki 12M MS
Sportinggoods tryonia Tryonia angulata 12M NV
Spot-tailed earless lizard Holbrookia lacerata 12M TX
Spotted turtle Clemmys guttata 12M CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WV, Canada
Spring Mountains dark blue butterfly Euphilotes ancilla cryptica 12M NV
Spring Mountains dark blue butterfly Euphilotes ancilla purpura 12M NV
Sterile Basin pyrg Pyrgulopsis sterilis 12M NV
Streamside salamander Ambystoma barbouri 12M AL, KY, OH, TN, WV
Sub-globose snake pyrg Pyrgulopsis saxatilis 12M UT
Sub-globose Steptoe Ranch pyrg Pyrgulopsis orbiculata 12M NV
Sun-facing coneflower Rudbeckia heliopsidis 12M AL, GA, NC, SC, VA
Sykora's Hydroptila caddisfly Hydroptila sykorai 12M FL
Tallapoosa orb Quadrula asperata archeri 12M AL
Tennessee Cave salamander Gyrinophilus palleucus 12M AL, GA, TN
Tennessee clubshell Pleurobema oviforme 12M AL, TN, KY, VA
Tennessee forestfly Amphinemura mockfordi 12M AL, TN
Tennessee heelsplitter Lasmigona holstonia 12M AL, GA, NC, VA, TN
Tennessee pigtoe Fusconaia barnesiana 12M AL, GA, MS, NC, TN, VA
Texas heelsplitter Potamilus amphichaenus 12M TX
Texas hornshell Popenaias popeii PCH TX
Texas kangaroo rat 12M TX
Texas salamander Eurycea robusta 12M TX
Texas screwstem Bartonia texana 12M TX
Texas troglobitic water slater 12M TX
Tharp's bluestar Amsonia tharpii 12M NM, TX
Thin-wall quillwort Isoetes microvela 12M NC
Thomas' cave beetle Pseudanophthalmus thomasi 12M VA
Three-toothed long-horned caddisfly Triaenodes tridontus 12M AL, FL, OK
Tidewater amphipod Stygobromus indentatus 12M MD, NC, VA
Tombigbee Riverlet crayfish Hobbseus petilus 12M MS
Toothless blindcat 12M TX
Tricolored bat Perimyotis subflavus 12M/PLPCH AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV; Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec), Mexico (Eastern and southern regions: Coahuil
Trispot darter Etheostoma trisella FCH, 4D AL, TN, GA
Tufted puffin 12M CA, OR, WA
Venus flytrap Dionaea muscipula 12M/PLPCH NC, SC
Virginia stone Acroneuria kosztarabi 12M KY, OH, VA
Water stitchwort Stellaria fontinalis 12M KY, TN
West Virginia spring salamander Gyrinophilus subterraneus 12M WV
Western bumble bee Bombus occidentalis 12M AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, ND, NE, NM, NV, OR, SD, UT, WA, WY
Western chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia miaria 12M AR, LA, MO, MS, OK, TX
Western fanshell Cyprogenia aberti 12M AR, KS, LA, MO, MS, OK
Western pond turtle Actinemys marmorata 12M CA, OR, WA, Mexico
Western spadefoot toad Spea hammondii 12M CA
Wet Canyon talussnail Sonorella macrophallus 12M AZ
White River beardtongue Penstemon scariosus albifluvis FL UT
White Sands pupfish Cyprinodon tularosa 12M NM
Widemouth blindcat Satan eurystomus 12M TX
Wintu sideband Monadenia troglodytes ssp. Wintu 12M/PLPCH CA
Wood turtle Glyptemys insculpta 12M CT, DC, IA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VA, VT, WI, WV, Canada
Yalobusha Riverlet crayfish Hobbseus yalobushensis 12M MS
Yazoo crayfish Orconectes hartfieldi 12M MS
Yellow-sided clubtail Stylurus potulentus 12M FL, MS


12M: 12-month finding determining if species warrants listing

PL: Proposed listing

FL: Final listing

PCH: Proposed critical habitat

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