HONOLULU— The Center for Biological Diversity sued the Trump administration today for failing to protect cauliflower coral around the Hawaiian Islands. The bushy, shallow-water coral species has been devastated by ocean warming triggered by human-caused climate change.
A strong marine heat wave is now hitting Hawaii’s coral reefs hard, and researchers predict massive coral bleaching and death. Cauliflower coral coverage around Hawaii declined by 36 percent from 1999 to 2012, and current conditions are expected to worsen that decline.
“Cauliflower coral is like the canary in the coal mine of our warming oceans. Marine life around Hawaii will suffer without bold actions to protect coral reefs,” said Maxx Phillips, the Center’s Hawaii director. “Hawaii’s coral reefs are dying and they need our help. Letting colorful corals bleach white and die indicates an ocean becoming less bountiful and biodiverse.”
Today’s lawsuit, filed in federal district court in Hawaii, challenges the National Marine Fisheries Service’s failure to act on a petition to protect cauliflower coral under the Endangered Species Act. The Fisheries Service said last year listing may be warranted, but failed to follow up, prompting the Center to issue a notice letter in May.
Cauliflower corals are a major reef-building coral, protecting Hawaii’s shorelines and providing habitat for fish and crabs.
While protecting corals ultimately requires reducing global temperature increases by cutting fossil fuel emissions, cauliflower coral is also threatened by land-based pollution, sedimentation and physical disturbances by humans. An Endangered Species Act listing could help minimize and mitigate those threats. Federally permitted projects with significant greenhouse gas emissions should also mitigate impacts to listed corals.
An earlier coral listing petition, filed by the Center in 2006, resulted in the protection of elkhorn and staghorn corals, which became the first species ever protected under the Act because of the threat of global warming. People can still swim, surf, snorkel, fish and enjoy the ocean and coral reefs. Listing only prohibits people from harming or injuring protected corals.
“Cauliflower coral is called Ko’a in Hawaiian,” Phillips said. “We want to protect it, but we need federal help. Healthy coral reefs are the foundation of healthy oceans.”