Center for Biological Diversity

For Immediate Release, April 10, 2017

Contact:  Erik Molvar, Western Watersheds Project, (307) 399-7910
Brooks Fahy, Predator Defense, (541) 520-6003
Gary Macfarlane, Friends of the Clearwater, (208) 882-9755
Andrea Santarsiere, Center for Biological Diversity, (303) 854-7748
Michelle Lute, WildEarth Guardians, (406) 848-4910
Natalia Lima, Animal Legal Defense Fund, (201) 679-7088

Federal Wildlife-killing Agency Agrees to Halt Use of M-44 'Cyanide Bombs' in Idaho

HAILEY, Idaho— The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Wildlife Services program — which kills thousands of predators across the country annually — announced today it has abandoned use of M-44 cyanide bombs in Idaho in response to a petition filed by 19 conservation and wildlife organizations two weeks ago. In a letter transmitted to conservation groups today, Wildlife Services announced that it has ceased the use of M-44 cyanide bombs on all private, state, and federal lands in Idaho, and it has removed all M-44s that were previously deployed in the state.

“This is an important victory, at least a temporary one, for both wildlife and for public safety across Idaho,” said Erik Molvar, executive director of Western Watersheds Project. “We thank Wildlife Services for doing the right thing by removing these deadly and indiscriminate killing devices, and urge them to make the moratorium permanent.”

The petition to stop using M-44s was filed in response to an incident near Pocatello, Idaho, where a 14-year-old boy was sprayed with cyanide and his dog was killed.

"This could well be the tipping point that leads to a nationwide ban of these extraordinarily dangerous devices via the legislation introduced in Congress last month," said Brooks Fahy, executive director of the national wildlife advocacy group Predator Defense. “As the recent cases in Idaho, Wyoming and Oregon amply demonstrate, M-44s endanger nontarget wildlife, pets and children, no matter how they are used."

M-44 devices are spring-loaded and tipped with deadly sodium cyanide. The devices blast poison on any animals or people that trigger them.

“We're glad to see these indiscriminate killing devices being pulled from Idaho — that's an important step toward protecting wildlife, people and pets from these cyanide bombs,” said Andrea Santarsiere, a senior attorney with the Center for Biological Diversity. “We hope this ban becomes permanent not just in Idaho but across the country, because there's no place on Earth where these devices won't endanger the lives of innocent people and animals.”

In November 2016 Wildlife Services committed to a moratorium on the use of M-44s on public lands in Idaho, but the Pocatello poisoning incident — resulting from an M-44 placed in February 2017 — occurred on Bureau of Land Management lands nonetheless. The Wildlife Services' letter expands the moratorium to lands of all jurisdictions and ownerships, including state and private lands.

“Although a step in the right direction, the federal government must do more to ensure the safety of all Americans, our dogs and wildlife,” said Michelle Lute, wildlife coexistence campaigner for WildEarth Guardians. “We won't rest until a national, permanent ban on M-44 cyanide bombs is instituted and strictly enforced."

Despite the sweeping nature of the moratorium and its removal of M-44s throughout Idaho, it might not amount to a permanent ban. In its letter Wildlife Services informed the groups that “WS will notify you 30 days prior to placing any new M-44s in Idaho.”

“We welcome the news of a temporary ban, although we remind activists and taxpayers that Wildlife Services has made no commitment to cease the use of M-44s for any definite period,” says Animal Legal Defense Fund Executive Director Stephen Wells. “These deadly, inhumane devices could go back into use as soon as next month, so we must remain vigilant.”

“We intend to inform the public right away if Wildlife Services notifies us that they intend to reverse the moratorium and place M-44s anywhere in Idaho,” Molvar said.

The groups petitioning for the M-44 ban were Western Watersheds Project, Predator Defense, WildEarth Guardians, the Center for Biological Diversity, Friends of the Clearwater, Alliance for the Wild Rockies, Western Wildlife Conservancy, Nevada Wildlife Alliance, Gallatin Wildlife Association, Environmental Protection Information Center, the Wolf Conservation Center, Wilderness Watch, Klamath Forest Alliance, Northeast Oregon Ecosystems, Yellowstone to Uintas Connection, Footloose Montana, Animal Legal Defense Fund, Project Coyote, Voices of Wildlife, and the Mountain Lion Foundation.

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