Center for Biological Diversity

For Immediate Release, January 12, 2017

Contact:  Amey Owen, Animal Welfare Institute, (202) 446-2128,
Collette Adkins, Center for Biological Diversity, (651) 955-3821,
Natalia Lima, Animal Legal Defense Fund, (201) 679-7088,
Brooks Fahy, Predator Defense, (541) 520-6003,
Camilla Fox, Project Coyote, (415) 690-0338,

Petition Seeks to Halt EPA's Use of Deadly Predator Poison

WASHINGTON— Five animal-protection organizations submitted a petition today to the Environmental Protection Agency asking the agency to cancel its registration for sodium fluoroacetate, a pesticide commonly known as Compound 1080. Currently the pesticide is permitted for use in “livestock protection collars” — one of the devices that agents of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Wildlife Services program use to kill thousands of coyotes each year.

The Animal Legal Defense Fund, Animal Welfare Institute, Center for Biological Diversity, Predator Defense and Project Coyote are requesting that the EPA suspend and ultimately cancel the registration for Compound 1080 due to its violation of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). According to the petition, because coyotes have never been declared a pest or found to be “injurious to health or the environment,” as defined under FIFRA, pesticides (including Compound 1080) cannot legally be used to kill the animals.

“Compound 1080 is dangerous, outdated and completely unnecessary when it comes to predator control,” said Tara Zuardo, a wildlife attorney with the Animal Welfare Institute. “Its use simply has no place within the law and our environment.”

The petition details the high risks presented by Compound 1080 for both people and nontarget wildlife, including its lethality in small doses and the absence of effective treatments. It also summarizes scientific studies showing that use of this exceptionally dangerous toxicant to kill coyotes is irresponsible and dangerous for all parties involved.

“We must stop the barbaric practice of poisoning predators,” said Collette Adkins, a senior attorney and biologist at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Banning this poison would protect rare predators like wolves and grizzlies as well as scavengers like eagles, who die after feeding on the poisoned carcasses. More effective, humane and targeted methods of protecting livestock should be used instead.”

The organizations also argue that adequate and effective alternatives to Compound 1080 exist and are generally preferred for protecting livestock from coyotes. These include nonlethal methods such as fencing, guard animals, range riders, automated alarms and other scare devices.

“The best available science shows that coyotes are a valuable native carnivore that provide myriad benefits to humans and to the environment, including controlling rodent-born zoonotic diseases,” said Camilla Fox, founder and executive director of Project Coyote. “It's time for our federal government to stop killing this important species with deadly poisons like Compound 1080.”

“Compound 1080 poisoning is the most inhumane, torturous way for an animal to die,” said Brooks Fahy, executive director of Predator Defense. “Victims experience a horrifying death that may last hours to days, with symptoms that include vomiting, involuntary hyperextension of the limbs, convulsions, heightened anxiety, hallucinations, intense pain, deep depression and collapse. It's well beyond time to ban 1080.”

Coyote photo by Tom Koerner, USFWS. Photos are available for media use.

The Animal Welfare Institute ( is a nonprofit charitable organization founded in 1951 and dedicated to reducing animal suffering caused by people. AWI engages policymakers, scientists, industry, and the public to achieve better treatment of animals everywhere — in the laboratory, on the farm, in commerce, at home, and in the wild.

The Animal Legal Defense Fund was founded in 1979 to protect the lives and advance the interests of animals through the legal system. To accomplish this mission, the Animal Legal Defense Fund files high-impact lawsuits to protect animals from harm; provides free legal assistance and training to prosecutors to assure that animal abusers are punished for their crimes; supports tough animal protection legislation and fights harmful legislation; and provides resources and opportunities to law students and professionals to advance the emerging field of animal law. For more information, please visit

The Center for Biological Diversity is a national, nonprofit conservation organization with 1.1 million members and online activists dedicated to the protection of endangered species and wild places.

Predator Defense is a national nonprofit advocacy organization with over 15,000 supporters.  It has been working since 1990 to protect native predators and end America's war on wildlife in the field, on public lands, in Congress, and in the courtroom.

Project Coyote, a national nonprofit organization headquartered in Northern California, is a North American coalition of wildlife educators, scientists, ranchers, and community leaders promoting coexistence between people and wildlife, and compassionate conservation through education, science, and advocacy. For more information, visit

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