[1] Melgar, C. 2002. The Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis). Birding Hawaii, available at <http://www.birdinghawaii.co.uk/XLaysanDuckArticle2.htm>
[2] Moulton, D.W., and A.P. Marshall. 1996. Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis). In The Birds of North America, No. 242 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.
[3] U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1990. Endangered and threatened species recovery program: report to Congress. 406pp.
[4] U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2004. Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. vii + 94 pp
[5] U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Laysan Ducks Make New Home on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. Press release dated October 12, 2004.