The Florida Keys mole skink is one of the rarest and most mysterious of Florida natives. This small, five-inch-long lizard has shiny, armor-like scales, a pinkish-red tail and a brown body. It’s a secretive animal, living under rocks, leafs, debris and washed-up beach vegetation called tidal wrack. It’s also the southernmost U.S. mole skink, found mainly in Dry Tortugas and the Lower Keys along Florida’s shoreline, living in sandy areas where it burrows deep for refuge.
But this little lizard is in trouble much deeper than its burrows. Its populations are currently in sharp decline because of urban development in the past and sea-level rise now and in the future, which causes flooding that destroys its habitat. Human population has spurred development along the shoreline in the Florida Keys, destroying many of the nooks and crannies this mole skink calls home.
The Center is working to halt destructive sea-level rise and prevent the extinction of Florida Keys mole skinks. In 2010 we filed a petition to protect 404 southeastern aquatic species, including the skink, under the Endangered Species Act. In its 2011 response to that petition, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service found that the mole skink may warrant the Act’s protection — but the agency failed to make a final decision. So after submitting a notice of intent to sue, in July 2013 we filed a lawsuit seeking protections for this mole skink and its habitat — and a few months later, the Service agreed to make a protection decision by 2017.
2013 legal agreement on protection decisions for 9 species, including the mole skink
2013 lawsuit for failing to grant Endangered Species Act protection
2010 federal Endangered Species Act listing petition
2012 notice of intent to sue for failure to issue 12-month finding
2013 notice of intent to sue for failing to make required finding for listing